Cocaine has been found to trigger chaotic heart rhythms called ventricular fibrillation, accelerate heartbeat and breathing, and increase blood pressure and body temperature. Physical symptoms may include chest pain, nausea, blurred vision, fever, muscle spasms, convulsions, coma, and death. As an individual develops tolerance to cocaine, they also become physically dependent on it.
All of the potential side effects from each drug may be multiplied by mixing them, and mental health issues may also be compounded. Once someone realizes that they have a cocaine addiction, it may be best to seek professional help. There are quite a few known interactions between cocaine and other substances, including over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications and other drugs.
Cocaine can also cause other adverse effects, such as anxiety, crawling sensations on the skin, hallucinations, and paranoia. Some of these feelings can persist, or might even increase, during the comedown (“crash”) as the euphoria is wearing off. When a person is addicted to cocaine, they may begin to use it with methods that produce a more intense effect—such as smoking or injecting the drug instead of snorting it. Sometimes an intense effect is achieved by using more powerful forms of the drug, such as crack, or using other drugs in addition to cocaine.
Tolerance to the drug develops and more and more cocaine is needed to achieve the desired effect. Cocaine, also known as coke, is a powerful stimulant derived from the coca plant. It is abused by several methods, including snorting it through the nose, smoking it, and injecting it intravenously.
Why Is Cocaine Addictive?
Many issues play a role, including other mental health disorders, your background, and your environment. Some of the side effects of cocaine depend on how you take the drug. If you snort it, you might have nosebleeds, loss of smell, hoarseness, nasal irritation, runny nose, or trouble swallowing. If you inject it, you could develop tracks (puncture marks on your arms) and infections, such as HIV or hepatitis C. Importantly, remember that you don’t have to confront this battle in isolation.
Cocaine addiction leads to extreme physical and psychological consequences that can have permanent effects on the user and those around them. There is currently no medication that can reverse the effects of a cocaine overdose. However, medical professionals can provide treatments to stabilize a person’s symptoms. If a person is experiencing an overdose of a combination of cocaine and an opioid such as fentanyl, administering Narcan (naloxone) can reverse the effects of the opioid overdose. This medication will not, however, treat the effects of cocaine overdose.
Each of your brain cells has your genetic code stored in long strands of DNA. For all that DNA to fit into a cell, cocaine addiction treatment it needs to be packed tightly. This is achieved by winding the DNA around “spools” of protein called histones.
- Cocaine use disorder (addiction) can affect your personal relationships.
- It can also be smoked after being processed into a form called crack cocaine.
- Cocaine dependence develops after even brief periods of regular cocaine use and produces a withdrawal state with emotional-motivational deficits upon cessation of cocaine use.
Many of these people were granted anonymity to protect their careers. Like alcohol and drugs, dietary changes can affect gene expression in many ways. In flies, a high sugar diet can reprogram the ability to taste sweetness by tapping into a gene expression network involved in development. The current medical understanding of addiction involves changes to the structure of the reward system in the brain, leading to compulsive pursuit and ingestion of intoxicating substances. You do not have to be taking cocaine, or crack cocaine, every day to be addicted to it. A sign of addiction is that you’ve tried to cut down or stop but are unable to.
The increase, she added, is correlated with increased usage and “increasing promotion of these molecules as both safe and efficacious.” “Adderall is big now,” Battaglia, who left Goldman in 2004 but still keeps in touch with financial-industry traders, said. “Those guys love it for two specific reasons — the most specific is it keeps them up and keeps them focused. The other was it supposedly makes you feel like cocaine makes you feel. People are definitely addicted to Adderall.”
- Even if you stop using it for a long time, you could still have cravings for the drug.
- Luckily, there are multiple forms of treatment for those who use cocaine that can’t seem to quit their substance abuse habit.
- But an explosion of knowledge and technology in the field of molecular genetics has changed our basic understanding of addiction drastically over the past decade.
- All AAC programs incorporate aftercare planning to set you on the right path.
Speedball, which is a mix of cocaine and heroin, is usually injected. Signs and symptoms of cocaine use include excitability, weight loss, insomnia, irritability and paranoia. Burns on the lips and fingers and a nagging cough indicate a person has been smoking crack. Crack is smoked by placing it at the end of the pipe; a flame held close to it produces vapor, which is then inhaled by the smoker. The effects felt almost immediately after smoking, are very intense and do not last long — usually 2 to 10 minutes. When smoked, cocaine is sometimes combined with other drugs, such as cannabis, often rolled into a joint or blunt.
Therapeutic communities or residential programs with stays of several months are also on offer for treatment for those who abuse cocaine. Therapeutic communities focus on the resocialization of the individual and can include on-site vocational rehabilitation and an array of other supportive services. Of course, recovery from cocaine is a lifelong journey that doesn’t end when you leave a treatment facility. All AAC programs incorporate aftercare planning to set you on the right path. When you arrive, we begin preparing an aftercare plan for you and adjust it as necessary so you’ll be fully prepared when you leave our program. You can learn more about your payment options at AAC through a discussion with our friendly admissions navigators.